In 1754, Berks County became incorporated. Settlers lived in "long swamp". Farms were found to be underlaid with iron ore and as many as 100 mines opened in the area. Villages and hamlets were established and the area became known as "Longswamp" in 1761. In 1854, the Allentown Railroad Company constructed a railroad from Allentown to join the Philadelphia and Reading Railroad.
In 1859, the East Penn Railroad was extended from Reading to Allentown. On May 19th of that year, Judge George Stitzel, while inspecting the railroad, suggested to the community at the highest elevation be called Topton. In February 1876, the Borough of Topton was created. Topton, located in the northeast corner of Berks County, is surrounded by Longswamp Township, except for a small corner which is adjacent to Maxatawny Township. The population according to a 2010 census is 2,069.
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